Taihao Fuxi and the Rise of Taihao Mausoleum in Huaiyang County


Abstract


Taihao mausoleum in Huaiyang enjoys a long history and profound cultural. During the Spring and Autumn period, Taihao, Fuxi and Chen were already associated, as well as the legend of Taihao Fuxi choosing Chen as both the capital city, and the place where they were buried. Taihao Fuxi’s name originated from the Spring and Autumn period and was inherited by later generations, from Confucius’ Family Language, Shi Jing to today’s Huaiyang County Annals. This legend came into being in the Spring and Autumn period, which also has the sense of rationality, it should be inseparable from the beginning of the grave, the social and cultural background of Chen’s worship of ghosts and gods in the Spring and Autumn period as well. Liu Xin once again compared Taihao Fuxi, to provide theoretical support for Wang Mang’s usurpation of power. It changed Taihao Fuxi’s name from the myth which was just passed down orally in the folk to the recorded history and promoted the historicization of Taihao Fuxi’s myth. Ban Gu brought Fuxi into the normal history sequence. Taihao Fuxi, after the merger of the Spring and Autumn period and the publicity and interpretation of Liu Xin and others, was recognized by the government and the people when he appeared often in ancient books in the eastern Han dynasty as an ancient emperor, the main completed ode of cultural construction. Sima Zhen wrote a supplement to the Three Emperors, which perfected the image of Fuxi as the founder of Chinese culture and the founder of humanity, thus becomes the ancient emperor supreme representative and the civilization, the culture creator. So Taihao Fuxi was elevated from the local gods representing the east and west tribes to the human ancestor god of the whole China.

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